The Ghana Psychological Association (GPA) has called for a holistic approach to treating bipolar disorder in order to reduce patient exposure to mental illness.
“Stakeholders are urged to take more effective action to combat bipolar disorder around the world and uphold international best practices,” it said.
A statement signed by the GPA’s National Public Relations Officer, Ms. Joy Anima Debrah, and copied to the Ghana News Agency, stated for various reasons that mental health issues have been largely neglected and underestimated, making it difficult to implement quality mental health interventions made.
The statement said the treatment gap for mental illness in Ghana was between 50 and 80 percent. As a result, there have been many people who have tacitly suffered from mental illness without access to the care they need.
Mental health is an essential aspect of health and has been instrumental in the cause, management and prevention of many other diseases that ultimately determine a person’s overall wellbeing.
“Living with mental illness can significantly affect your daily functioning, social interactions and performance in any task, and it can make life goals difficult to pursue,” he added.
The statement stated that people with bipolar disorder usually had alternating episodes of unusually high mood (manic episode) and low mood (depressive episodes), with periods of normal mood being described as follows: “They are at one point on top of the world, and one more point, the world is on top of them. “
It added that the extreme moods severely affected their functioning and could affect certain behaviors that could be inappropriate and socially unacceptable.
The different levels of experience seriously affect their functioning, their social relationships and the pursuit of their academic and professional goals and could constitute an obstacle to the observance of appropriate social norms.
The GPA therefore recommended a combination of therapies to meet the physical, mental, social, and spiritual needs of those affected.
The statement said that proper treatment in a health facility is very important to control symptoms with some medications. However, psychosocial counseling services are vital for those affected to help manage the risks or triggers and to maximize their functioning.
The association urged family members and society to support individuals with the disorder during treatment and intervention and beyond, as good social support was key to adhering to all bipolar management protocols for life, as well as the negative effects of the disorder and a possible life Minimize recurrence.
Adequate management of bipolar disorder is important to reduce a serious complication and high lifetime risk of 15 percent for committing suicide.
” Inadequate access to quality care, failure to adhere to treatment protocols, social stigma, negative religious interference, and inability to deal with triggers can all increase the risk factors that trigger the episodes.
” Remember, there is no health without mental health! GPA wishes you a sane day as we celebrate World Bipolar Day, ”it said.
World Bipolar Day is celebrated on March 30th each year to raise awareness of bipolar disorder.
According to the Whole Health Organization (2019), around 45 million people worldwide live with bipolar disorder, out of the 700 million people who have a mental illness with a maximum age of 15 to 19 years, which typically begins before the age of 30.
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