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The Government of India’s vision of “Housing for All” is an ambitious program of the center that aims to provide affordable accommodation for everyone in the country, especially the economically weak sects of the low and middle income group. Share his perspective in motion, Jakob Brandtberg Knudsen, Dean of the School of Architecture of the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Design and Conservation, spoke at the 2020 National Housing Summit.
At the beginning of his address, Jakob first highlighted the challenges. He said, “We have a number of problems as a society in most parts of the world. We have an affordable housing problem in terms of the presence of slums and squatters alongside large multi-story buildings, mansions, and posh societies. So we need to find ways to minimize the differences. “
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Continuing with the challenges, he stated, “The second big problem is climate change. Another and best known problem is health. There are a number of health issues that can arise in cities due to the impact of construction. “
“We can say that the construction and mechanical engineering industry uses around a third of the earth’s resources,” emphasized Jakob. He also said there is a need to recognize that more housing projects are needed in the times to come, especially with India. “So if we do something wrong, we will have a big problem. However, if we get it right, we will likely have a solution where housing not only improves living conditions, but also improves health, creates equality and security, he added.
Jacob cited an example from Pardis, a satellite city in Tehran, Iran, and mentioned that the city was not properly planned and did not have open public spaces, green spaces, transportation, etc. and that people do not prefer to live there today. To highlight a few more issues, he presented an example from India which recreated the same architectural design for all residential units across society. Therefore, he explained that every place or area has its own challenges and that a solution cannot fit everywhere.
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Regarding other solutions, Jakob emphasized that the construction techniques and materials used must be different for houses built in hot and cold areas, temperate areas and tropical areas. He later also set the top ten health problems that are mainly due to air pollution in India, and the construction industry is an important contributor to this
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